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Sunday, 10 June 2012

Omega-3, Omega-6 Fatty Acids for Dogs, Cats - Health Benefits, Best Sources, Dosage

My Sweet Boxer x Pit Bull 'Robbie'
 In This Article...
  1. The Importance of Providing a Balanced Intake
  2. Health Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
  3. Health Benefits of Omega-6 Fatty Acids
  4. Selecting a Good Product
  5. Good Sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids 
  6. Guideline for Typical Daily Dosage of Omega-3
  7. Good Sources of Omega-6 Fatty Acids
  8. Guideline for Typical Daily Dosage of Omega-6
  9. Omega-6 Fatty Acids To Be Avoided - Not Safe!
  10. Cautions
  11. Drug Interactions 

Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are very important for the overall health of a dog and cat. Conversely a lack of good-source omega fatty acids can create many health issues, from allergies to cancer, fur and skin problems, heart disease and a host of other problems as you will see further below. 



Insufficient daily intake of Omega-3 fatty acids can contribute to or cause behaviourial problems such as stress, anxiety, depression and aggression.

1.0 The Importance of Providing a
       Balanced Intake of Omega-3 to 6

1.1 The Impact of a Balanced Intake
The intake of Omega-3 and Omega-6 must be balanced correctly. Failure to do so can result in health problems. An out-of-balance ratio can disrupt the balance of pro and anti-inflammatory agents in the body leading to chronic inflammation.
  • Inflammation is a trigger for many inflammatory diseases such as: 
    • Allergies;
    • Arthritis;
    • Cancer;
    • Diabetes;
    • etc.
As the body does not store Omega-3, daily intake of sufficient Omega-3 is essential for overall health and well being.
  
1.2 Correct Ratio Of Omega -3 to Omega-6 Fatty Acids
  • To strike the right balance - your dog's overall dietary intake (from food, supplements) should be in the range of 5:1 - meaning 5 parts Omega-6, to 1 part omega-3
    • The actual ratio of supplementation of Omega 3 and 5 fatty acids will depend on what type of diet your dog is on - the reason for this variance is based on quality of diet.
      • Highly Processed Food Diets
        • Dry processed food (kibble) and many wet (canned) foods are too high in poor quality Omega-6 fatty acids, and low in quality Omega-3 fatty acids.
        • Grain-in processed food (dry or canned)results in an escalation of poorly balanced Omega 6:3 intake - you can read more about that here
        • And making matters worse:
          • Many treats - cookies, chews, etc., include very poor source Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, may contain grains and other inflammatory agents which adversely impact your dog's, cat's overall daily omega 6:3 intake.
        • Supplementation of fatty-acids for the above diets will need to bring the overall diet closer to the normal 5:1 intake - to do this you will need to add a good quality Omega-6, and several good source Omega-3, your actual supplementation ratio may be 1:2, resulting in supplementation of i.e. organic coconut oil + wild fish oil + hemp seed hearts or hemp seed oil + organic kefir, or yogurt.
        • If you are feeding your dog raw dehydrated or raw fresh/frozen in which the meat is sourced from factory farm-raised (CAFO) animals additional supplementation with a good quality Omega-3 is recommended.
        • If you are feeding pasture-raised, grass fed, or organic raw - incorporating coconut oil and a good-source omega-3 oil provides added benefit to your dog's, cat's overall diet.
There are three (3) omega three fatty acids that your dog or cat must take-in on daily basis: 
  • Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA);
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and; 
  • Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Good quality Omega-3 has all three of these important acids.



2.0 Health Benefits - Omega-3 Fatty Acids


2.1 Omega-3 Fatty Acids Help Avoid, Control, Treat,
      Remedy...

  • Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Atopy
  • Support optimum brain function
  • Bone health
  • Digestive disease
  • Eosinophilic granuloma complex
  • Excessive blood clotting 
  • Flea allergies
  • Hair/fur problems
  • Helps prevent cancer growth
  • Heart disease
  • Learning difficulties
  • Lowers the amount of lipids (i.e. cholesterol, triglycerides) circulating in the bloodstream
  • Immune-mediated skin disease
  • Inflammation throughout the body
  • Inhibits thickening of the arteries 
  • Kidney disease
  • Reduces risk of obesity
  • Seborrhea
  • Metabolism regulation
  • Military dermatitis
  • Maintains fluidity of cell membranes 
Robbie with Sarah my GSD x Husky

3.0 Health Benefits of Omega-6 Fatty
      Acids

Omega-6 Fatty Acids Help...
  • Build cell membranes and support cell health
  • Dry coat
  • Mycoplasma
  • Regulate Blood Clotting
  • Seborrhea

Not All Sources of Omega Fatty Acids Are Equal...
It is also important to understand that although Omega 3 and 6 can be found in many food stuffs not all sources of these fats offer quality or safe nutrition. 


4.0 Selecting a Good Product

4.1 Decide On Your Approach
How you choose to supplement depends on your life-style, personal priorities etc...
  • Pre-blended Supplement 'all-in-one' liquid or soft-gel
    • If your priority is time-efficiency over quality than your best bet is a pre-prepared, pre-blended supplement that provides (or claims to provide) a full spectrum of omega fatty acids (3-6-9);
      •  This may save you time but you may end-up sacrificing convenience for quality if you do not choose the product wisely;
      • If you choose the pre-blended product  you will also need to decide if you are going to use a liquid supplement or a soft gel supplement. 
The photo below shows a few examples of  typical pre-blended 3-6-9 made for pets Omega fatty acid products...

Various examples of pre-blended, made for dogs and cats Omega 3-6-9 Supplements

A few Examples of Organic Human Food-grade, safe for Dogs and Cats Omega 3-6-9 Supplements

  • Single Source Whole Food Products:
    • You may instead prefer to use single source products that you add yourself to your companion animal's food;
      • This choice can provide you with more flexibility as to the quality of products as you can select the type and quality of the omega-3 and 6 you use;
      • For example you may decide to use Norwegian Krill Oil for omega-3 and organic virgin Coconut oil and extra virgin olive oil for Omega-6;
      • This is the approach that I use for my dogs and cats. 

Made for Pets and Some Made for Humans Single Food Source Omega-3 Fatty Acid Oils



4.2 What's My Preferred Approach?
  
I prefer using good quality human food-grade whole food products such as whole sardines or good quality organic oils - i.e. coconut oil, hemp oil, olive oil, organic tahini, flax or chia seeds, and wild fatty fish oils with no additives.. My dogs also get avocado flesh (no skin or seed / pit!) in their daily diet - you can read here about the health benefits, and how to introduce avocado to your dog's diet.

4.3 Read The Product Label for Quality Assurance
  
Next it is so important to read product ingredient lists - and here is why...
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids
    • If the label says 'fish oil' and does not disclose the source of the fish then you are likely looking at a product that is derived from factory farmed fish;
    • What is wrong with that? well...
      • Factory farm fish are raised in confined and often man-made pools;
        • When many living organisms are forced to live in unnatural and confined conditions the environment that they live in becomes a breeding ground for disease and parasites;
      • Factory farm fish are:
        • Fed food pellets that are comprised of non-organic and often species inappropriate food;
        • Are given antibiotics, may be given growth hormones, chemcial-based pesticides and fungicides to control parasites and fungus;
      • All of these substances are ingested by your dog or cat when they consume the oil;
        • Resulting in: an increase of toxic loading, hormone disrupting build-up, anti-biotic resistance building - all health threatening conditions;
      • So while you may have the good intention of improving your dog's or cat's health with the supplement you may actually be furthering the development of health issues.
    • To avoid this pitfall choose a product that is labeled specifically and clearly with no ambiguity, i.e.
      • The ingredient list states that the source of the Omega-3 fatty acids are:
        • Norwegian Krill oil or Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil or;
        • Organic Cold Pressed Flax Seed (Linseed) oil, Organic Hemp Seed Oil, etc.
        • And remember that you are looking for a product that contain the full spectrum of Omega-3 fatty acids...
          • ALA -  Alpha-linolenic acid  
          • EPA - Eicosapentaenoic acid  
          • DHA - Docosahexaenoic acid
And one more important note about fish oil...
  • Avoid 'Fankenfish' - Nickname for GMO Salmon
    • GMO salmon has just been approved in Canada;
    • DO NOT use any product that is derived from GMO fish - the long-term effects of ingesting an animal-based Genetically Engineered (GE) product IS NOT known;
    • What is evident to me is that such a product will have similar adverse health risks as GMO corn and GMO soy;
    • If you are not familiar with the multitude of serious health risks posed by:
  • Plant-Based Omega-6 GMO Oils v.s Quality Plant Oils
    • If the product includes poor source omega-6 oil from GMO plant crops such as: soy, canola, cottonseed, safflower you are once again introducing an ingredient that is very high in pesticide residue, fungicides, genetically modified properties - all of which increase you dog's or cat's toxic load, increase the chance of hormone and endocrine disruption, renal issues, bladder and other cancers, etc.
    • To avoid this pitfall choose a product that is labeled specifically and clearly with no ambiguity, i.e.
    • The ingredient list states that the source of the oil is:
    • Omega-3 from Norwegian Krill oil or Wild Alsaskan Salmon Oil or Organic Cold Pressed Flax Seed (Linseed) oil;
    • Omega-6 from organic coconut oil, organic sunflower oil, virgin olive oil;
    • This way you know that you are getting a quality product that is as free of toxins as possible.
  • Avoid Products that Contain Fillers and Other Unnecessary Unhealthy Ingredients
    • Look for products that do not contain fillers, soy or wheat-based derivitives, food colouring, artificial flavoring, sweeteners, etc.
    • If you are going to use a soft-gel look for products that do not contain chemical-based slipping agents.
4.4 If You Choose an All-in-One Product Check Ratio

Read the label - if the product is not conforming to the ratio as described  in section 1.0 of this article then don't buy the product.

4.5 Decide on Human Grade or 'Made for Pets'
You can use a quality human-grade supplement or a product specifically made for dogs and cats.
  • The dog and cat supplements are not specifically formulated to be better for your dog or cat than a good human grade product;
  • The balance required for human, canine and feline intake of Omega 3 to 6 fatty acids are the same for all three species;
  • Products made specifically for the dog and cat food industry tend to be over-priced simply because the product is targeted to retail to a 'specialty' market.
4.6 Introduce Oils Gradually to the Diet

Some dogs and cats are allergic to or have a sensitivity to fish oil. Fish oil may cause diarrhea in some dogs and cats.

If your dog or cat has never had a fish supplement (liquid oil or gel) before introduce fish oil to the diet starting with 1/4  of the recommended daily dosage and over he space of a several weeks incrementaly increase the dosage until you reach the standard daily dose.

4.7 Allergies - Food and Environmental

If your dog or cat is allergic to shellfish do not give him/her krill oil.

If your dog or cat is allergic to fish then choose flax seed oil as the source of Omega-3 fatty acids. 

If your dog or cat has an environmental allergy to the Linum family of plants do not use flax or flax seed (also known as linseed) oil.

If your dog or cat has an environmental allergy to the Cannabaceae family of plants do not use hemp seed or hemp seed oil. 

The same is true for any other food or environmental allergy - check ingredients against allergens and substitute to suit.


5.0 Good Sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
        ALA -  Alpha-linolenic acid 
        EPA - Eicosapentaenoic acid
        DHA - Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Atlantic Mackerel 
  • Anchovy
  • Bluefin Tuna 
  • Beans/legumes
  • Chia Seeds (whole or ground), Chia Seed Oil
  • Cod Liver Oil
    • If you are going to use be careful pay special attention to the product that you purchase...
      • Many brands of cod liver oil are very high in vitamin A and relatively low in vitamin D;
      • This lack of balance between A and D has the potential to cause vitamin A toxicity;
      • For this reason it is important to choose a cod liver oil that has a considerably lower ratio of vitamin A to vitamin D.
  • Dairy Products from pasture fed cows, goats and sheep
  • Eggs from organic free-range chickens
  • Flax Seeds (ground), or Cold-Pressed Organic Flax Oil (also called Linseed)
    • Unrefrigerated, non-organic flax oil does not have the same healthful properties of cold-pressed organic refrigerated flax oil; 
  • Green Leafy Vegetables
  • Norwegian or Arctic Krill oil
  • Pacific or Atlantic Herring
  • Wild Alaskan Salmon, or Wild Alaskan salmon oil
  • Sardines
  • Sprat
  • Menhaden fish
  • Meat from organic pasture fed animals
Norwegian or Arctic Krill oil is said to be the best, cleanest, most complete and bioavailable supplemental source of Omega-3 fatty acids. If you are going to use Salmon oil - be sure to buy only wild salmon oil or Atlantic salmon oil. Farmed salmon and other farmed fish is high in toxins, antibiotics etc. as noted in section 4.0 above. 


6.0 Guideline for Typical Daily Dosage -
      Omega-3


    If you are using a pre-prepared blended product (i.e. includes Omega 3-6-9 fatty acids) follow the manufacturers' dosing instructions. If you are using a single whole food product - i.e. Krill oil you can follow the dosage provided below or the manufactures instructions.

    6.1 Norwegian or Arctic - Krill Oil, Cod Liver Oil or Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil

    Daily Dosage for Dogs and Cats

    • X-Small Dogs and Cats 
      • 1 -14 lbs – 250mg
    • Small Dogs and Cats
      • 15-29 lbs – 500mg
    • Medium Dogs 
      • 30-49 lbs – 1000mg
    • Large Dogs
      •  50 -79 lbs – 1500mg
    • X-Large Dogs
      •  80 lbs and up – 2000mg 

    Chia, Flax Seed Oil 
    • 1 tsp per every 11 lbs of body weight;
    • 1 ml per every 1 kg of body weight.





    7.0 Good Sources of Omega-6 Fatty Acids
            LA - Linoleic acid;
            GL - Gamma-linoenic acid, and;
            AA - Arachidonic acid
    • Animal Meats
    • Coconut Oil (see below)
      • While virgin coconut oil is 90% saturated fat, when added to a dog’s diet in small quantities, on a daily basis virgin coconut oil has many beneficial qualities. It is also very affective as a topically applied treatment on cuts, wounds and for ailments of the skin. To learn about the extensive benefits of adding coconut oil to your dog’s daily diet click here.
    • Chia Seeds (ground or whole) or Chia Seed Oil
    • Hemp Oil
    • Olive Oil 
    • Pumpkin Seeds
    • Sesame Oil 
    • Sunflower Seed Oil

    8.0 Guideline for Typical Daily Dosage Omega-6

    8.1 Hemp, Sesame, Sunflower, Pumpkin, Olive Oil
    • 1 tsp per every 11 lbs of body weight;
    • 1 ml per every 1 kg of body weight.
    8.2 Coconut Oil
    • 1/4 tsp per every 10 lbs of body weight twice daily;
    • 1/2 tsp per every 10 lbs of body weight once daily.
      • Coconut oil is a favorite of mine as it has a multitude of health benefits that you can read about here

    9.0 Oils That Are Not Recommended  

    Do not give your dog or cat non-organic:
    Canola Oil, Cottonseed Oil, Safflower Oil, Soy Oil

    Canola oil, soy products, soy oil, safflower oil, cotton seed oil are grown from Round-up Ready Genetically Modified (GM) seed crops (i.e. in North America). These oils are all very high in pesticide residue...
     
    Canola and soybeans in the USA and Canada are almost all grown from Genetically Modified (GM) seeds - the long term affect of ingesting GM food is not known. Further to this, large factory farms use a method to process soy that leaves it very high in photoestrogens. Photoestrogens have been proven to interfere with reproduction and thyroid function. Factory farming processing methods for soy also result in a product that is very high in phytates. Phytates prevent mineral absorption as well as substances that prevent the normal function of enzymes required to digest protein. And one last thumbs down for large factory farm produced soy - it has one of the highest concentrations of pesticides found in North American crops. Traditional methods of processing soy by fermentation (as employed in Japan and China) greatly reduces photoestrogens, and phytates, thus making consumption of the resulting soy, safe and nutritional.

    10.0 Cautions
    • Stop giving your dog or cat Omega-3 Fatty Acid supplements 10 days prior to scheduled surgery;
    • Wait 10 days after surgery and/or after stitches/sutures are removed before resuming supplementation;
    • Allergic reactions to shellfish for dogs and cats is rare but possible;
      •  If you think your dog or cat is allergic to shellfish do not give him/her krill oil.
    11.0 Drug Interactions

    If your dog or cat is on the following drugs consult your veterinarian before supplementing with Omega-3 Fatty Acids:
    • Blood thinners;
    • Beta blockers;
    • Diuretics.




    12.0 Holistic Support

    Additional Assistance - Holistic Health and Wellness Service
    If you require additional support, and guidance - contact me to discuss your requirements. I will determine the appropriate course of action for your situation and I will let you know the applicable fees. I offer consultative services to clients around the world...
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    • Unbiased Diet, Nutrition, Product Advice - information and payment here >>. 
    • Holistic Diet, Nutrition Wellness Plans - information and payment here >>.
    Dog Obedience Training and Behavior Modification Services
    • In-Person sessions - information and payment here >>.
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    Friday, 8 June 2012

    Rooibos Tea for Dogs - Immune System Health, Cancer Inhibitor, Allergy Mediator

    Aspalathus Linearis, common name Rooibos, also known as Red Bush or African Red Tea is an indigenous plant of South Africa - found in the Cedarburg region, north-west of Capetown. 



    Rooibos is actually an herbal plant. The needle-like leaves and stems are harvested, crushed, fermented and dried. The plant has been used to make tea for hundreds of years.  Rooibos became a commercially grown crop in the 1930’s.



    When the dried leaves are steeped they result in a rich red-colour tea that has numerous, proven health benefits. The USDA (US Department of Agriculture) has confirmed that red rooibus tea can reduce cancer, heart disease, slows aging as well as possessing other health benefits…I will provide an extensive list of benefits below.

    Rooibus tea is just as beneficial for dogs as it is for humans. The tea is naturally caffeine free (caffeine is not good for dogs) and is low in tannin and free of oxalic acid - so unless your dog is suffering from iron deficiency (rooibos may slow down the absorption of iron) it is safe for your dog.
     
    Below we will look at:
    1. The nutritional value of rooibos tea;
    2. The Health Benefits;
    3. How to add rooibos to your dog's daily diet;
    4. How combining the tea with a little cinnamon can help with your dog's oral care;
    5. How to use the tea topically to treat skin disorders due to allergies.


    Nutritional Value


    Rooibos tea is:
    • Rich in minerals - calcium, copper, fluoride, iron, manganese, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc;
    • Rich in rare minerals - bioflavanoid and quercetin;
    • Rich in vitamin C;
    • Rich in alpha hydroxy acids (AHA);
    • Rich in antioxidants, having about 37 types of antioxidants and packing about 50% more antioxidants than green tea!

    Health Benefits

    Rooibos tea offers an impressive list of health benefits: 
    • Allergy fighting - the tea contains anti-allergy properties and can be real aid in treating allergies and related skin problems, asthma, etc.;
    • Anti-inflammatory;
    • Anti-viral;
    • Anxiety calming - naturally calming and relaxing the tea can help relieve anxiety and relax your dog; 
    • Anti-spasmodic - as the tea is rich in anti-spasmodic agents it can help ease a sore stomach; 
    • Bone health promoting - as it is rich in the bone building minerals calcium, manganese and fluoride; 
    • Cancer fighting - anti-mutagenic; 
    • Circulation enhancing - promotes good blood circulation and works to prevent haemorrhaging;  
    • Good for skin - the AHA facilitates the healthy growth and maintenance of skin:
      •  If your dog suffers from aliments of the skin such as itchiness and hotspots due to allergies the tea can really help to alleviant both discomfort and the inflammation of the skin; 
    • Heart health supporting - helps prevents heart disease; 
    • Immune System boosting - the antioxidents  also give the immune system a healthy boost; 
    • Slows Aging - the abundant antioxidants slow down the aging process;

    How To Add Rooibos to Your Dog’s Daily Diet


    Once a day I add the tea to each of my dogs' meals. You can brew the tea fresh on a daily basis or brew it and store in the refrigerator for use of the span of a couple of days. 


    I always add the juice of one freshly squeezed lemon to the rooibos tea. Lemon is naturally anti-bacterial, anti-viral, immune-system boosting, a digestive aid and liver cleanser. Lemons contain bioflavonoids, calcium, citric acid, limonene, magnesium and vitamin C as well as other health promoting substances. Combined with rooibos tea the health benefits are multiplied. Lemon offers an amazing array of health benefits for your dog - you can read more here.

    You can fill a bowl with rooibos tea and leave it next to your dog’s water bowl.


    Your dog can choose when he/she wants to have a sip! You can leave the tea plain, or add some cinnamon (instructions and benefits noted below) or add fresh squeezed lemon and/or a drop or two of Manuka Honey, or other organic honey.



    Just make sure that your dog always has fresh, plain water as well. Although I add rooibus tea to my dogs' evening meal they also have a bowl of he tea beside their water bowl.

    Minimum Daily Dosage Based On Dog’s Weight

    • 1-10 lbs - less than 1/4 cup, 1-3 times per day
    • 10-20 lbs - 1/4 cup, 1-3 times per day
    • 20-50 lbs - 1/4-1/2 cup, 1-3 times per day
    • 50-100 lbs - 1/2-1 cup, 1-3 times per day
    • Over 100 lbs - up to 1 cup 3 times per day

    By adding a little cinnamon to the rooibos tea you increase the health benefit...



    Cinnamon has quite an extensive list of beneficial properties for oral care…it is an:
    • Anti-inflammatory;
    • Anti-microbial (fights bacteria, fungi, etc.)
    • Anti-septic;
    • Mild anesthetic;
    • Helps dissolve food particles and aids in the digestion of food. 
     By adding a little cinnamon to the tea your dogs receives the benefits of rooibos as well as an oral rinse!

    Maximum dosage of Cinnamon per Day
    • Large Dogs - ½ tsp a day;
    • Medium Dogs - ¼ tsp a day;
    • Small Dogs - 1/8 tsp a day.

     

    Use Rooibos Tea Topically to Treat Itching, Rashes and Hot Spots due to Allergies

    As Roobois tea contains anti-allergy properties it is excellent for topical use in treating skin problems due to allergies. In addition the AHA fin the tea facilitates the healthy growth and maintenance of skin. Below you will find a recipe for:
    1. A soothing rinse;
    2. A foot soak for itchy and or irritated paws;
    3. A simple salve for irritated skin.

    Soothing Rinse

    You will need the following:
    • 2 tea bags of Rooibos Tea (also known as Red Bush Tea)
    • 1 fresh lemon

    Place the tea bags in hot water and allow to steep for 15 minutes;
    • Remove the tea bags and allow the resulting ‘tea’ to cool;
    • Squeeze the lemon and add the resulting juice to the tea;
    • Then use the tea as a conditioning, soothing rinse…you do not have to rinse the ‘tea’ off of your dog after application.

    Foot Soak for Sore, Irritated Paws

    If your dog or cat is suffering from allergies and/or resulting yeast infections of the paw (i.e. candida), or has come into contact with poisonous and/or toxic substances - giving your dog or cat a foot soak is very important to reduce discomfort, help treat the symptoms, remove harmful residue and stop your dog’s or cat’s need to lick and chew his/her paws. Toxins left on the paws can migrate into the dogs blood stream, and over time increase your dog's toxic load, compromise his/her immune system and trigger the development of cancer.

    The most affective way to remove toxins (road salt, herbicides, fertilizers or pesticides) from your dog’s paws is to provide your dog with a 30 second foot soak. Depending on the size of your dog, you can do afoot soak in the bowl or basin, sink, bathtub, shower or in a small children’s pool. If you would like to see additional recipes for herbal foot soaks to alleviate sore, irritated paws you can read this article 'Natural, Herbal Remedies for Dogs, Cats with Sore, Irritated Paws'.

    You will need the following:
    • Rooibos Tea  - one or more bags of tea depending on the size of the tub;
    • ! to 2 fresh lemons.
    Place the tea bags in hot water and allow to steep for 15 minutes;
    • Remove the tea bags and allow the resulting ‘tea’ to cool then add to the water in the soaking tub, or you can use the tea to warm the water in the tub - just always make sure that the resulting liquid for the soak is only warm or room temperature - never hot.
    • Depending on the size of the tub - take 1 to 2 fresh lemons, squeeze for the juice and then add the juice to the cooled tea;
    • Now you can soak your dog's or cat's paws... 
      • It is important to note that dunking/placing your dog’s or cat’s paws in the soaking solution is not as affective as soaking the paw for 30 seconds. After the soak just pat your dog’s or cat’s paws dry - do not rub them dry as rubbing can cause irritation.

    Soothing Salve

    You can apply the dry rooibos tea powder to the spots directly using one of these options:
    • Open the tea bag and remove the tea powder, mix with a little 100% aloe vera juice or gel, apply;
    • Soak the tea bag in hot water, allow to cool and place the cooled tea bag against the irritated skin;
    • Soak the tea bag in hot water, allow to cool, open the tea bag and place the damp tea powder directly on the irritated skin.  

    Cautions

    • None

    Holistic Support

    Additional Assistance - Holistic Health and Wellness Service
    If you require additional support, and guidance - contact me to discuss your requirements. I will determine the appropriate course of action for your situation and I will let you know the applicable fees. I offer consultative services to clients around the world...
    Diet, Nutrition Wellness Services
    • Unbiased Diet, Nutrition, Product Advice - information and payment here >>. 
    • Holistic Diet, Nutrition Wellness Plans - information and payment here >>.
    Dog Obedience Training and Behavior Modification Services
    • In-Person sessions - information and payment here >>.
    • On-Line consultation and sessions - information and payment here >>.