Thursday, 1 December 2022

Lycopene Rich Foods for Dogs

 

Lycopene rich foods for dogs

★ 4 min read

In this article:

  1. What is lycopene
  2. Health benefits of lycopene for your dog
  3. Lycopene rich foods for dogs
  4. How to include lycopene rich foods in your dog's diet

What is Lycopene

Lycopene is a naturally occurring plant-based pigment that gives some fruit and vegetables their orange, pink and red color. As a pigment, lycopene helps protect plants from oxidative stress caused by photo-sensitization.  

Lycopene is a powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, carotenoid that cannot be made by the body (dog, human, etc.).  It must be obtained by eating lycopene rich plant material.

After ingestion lycopene enters the lymphatic system, then moves on to organs such as the adrenal glands, colon and liver. The skin only absorbs a small part of ingested lycopene.

Once consumed, lycopene enters the lymphatic system, then moves to various locations where it is stored. These locations include:

- Adrenal glands

- Brain

- Liver (the primary storage location) 

- Kidneys

- Lungs

- Ovaries

- Prostate

- Skin 

- Testes

 

Health Benefits of Lycopene For Your Dog

Lycopene plays an important role in disease prevention and treatment.

Lycopene rich foods in your dog's diet can help prevent and treat inflammatory issues and disease, including:

Aging

Anemia

Arthritis

Asthma

Atopic dermatitis

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)

Bone loss due to osteoarthritis

Cancer

Lycopene is an anti-carcinogenic, anti-proliferative, anti-apoptotic. Lycopene helps protect healthy cells, assists in stopping the spread of cancer (matastasis), inhibits tumor growth and helps kill cancerous cells.

Lycopene fights a wide variety of cancers, including:

- Brain cancer

- Cervical cancer

- Colon cancer

- Kidney cancer

- Liver cancer

- Lung cancer

- Lymphoma

- Mammary (breast) cancer

- Oral cancers

- Ovarian cancer 

- Pancreatic cancer

- Squamous cell carcinomas

Cardiovascular issues and disease

Including:

- High blood pressure

- High cholesterol

Colitis

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD, chronic bronchitis)

Detoxification

Diabetes Type II

Complications including:

- Insulin resistance

- Kidney issues (nephropathy)

- Neuropathy

Immune system support

Immune mediated diseases

Kidney damage

Liver damage and disease

Metabolic    Syndrome

Neurological issues and disease

Including:

- Cognitive decline

- Degenerative Disk Disease

- Dementia

- Epilepsy

- Seizures

- Spinal cord injury

Oral health issues

Pancreatitis

Skin Issues

 - Atopic dermatitis

- UVA radiation damage, lycopene is a natural sunscreen

- Melanoma

-  Psoriasis

Toxicity

From synthetic chemical substances, and natural substances, including:

- acetaminophen and other conventional medications

- aluminum

- aflatoxins

- bisphenol (BPA)

- chemotherapy

- fluoride

- heavy metals

- pesticides

- phthalate

- radiation


Lycopene Rich Foods for Dogs

A dog's species appropriate diet includes a small amount of fresh plant material: vegetables, fruit, herbal plants, seeds and nuts.

Refer to the list of lycopene fruit and vegetables further below, and the general guideline for including vegetables and fruit in your dog's diet.

Offer your dog the items from the list and allow her to self-select the lycopene fruit and vegetables she prefers. 

  • Never force your dog to eat items she does not want. 
  • Read about self-selection here.
  • Once you know your dog's preferences, you can add the items to your dog's diet, directions provided further below.

 

Richest Sources of  Lycopene Fruit and Vegetables for Dogs

Tomato

Tomato-rich lycopene sources for dogs and cats

Lycopene per 100g of tomato product:

Sundried tomato provides more than 3x the lycopene found in tomato sauce. Choose organic sundried tomatoes. See the lycopene comparison below: 

Sundried tomato – 45.0 mg per 100g 

Tomato paste – 28.7 mg per 100g 

Tomato sauce – 14 mg per 100g 

Steamed tomato – 3 mg per 100g 

Raw tomato – 2.5 mg per 100g

 

 Guava, Papaya, Red Grapefruit and Watermelon

 Guava (pink guava), fresh - 5 mg lycopene per 100g 

Watermelon, fresh - 4.5 mg per 100g 

Papaya, fresh - 1.8 mg per 100g 

Grapefruit, fresh - 1.4 mg lycopene per 100g

 

Fruit sources rich in lycopene for dogs and cats

Summary List of Lycopene Fruit and Vegetables for Dogs

Richest sources:

- Gac fruit

- Guava

- Papaya

- Red Grapefruit 

- Watermelon

- Tomato

Good sources:

- Apricots

- Cantaloupe and other orange melons

- Carrot

- Cranberry

- Peach

- Persimmon

- Pomegranate 

- Pumpkin

- Red bell pepper

- Red cabbage

- Rosehip

Minor source:

Asparagus

Parsley

 

How To Include Lycopene Rich Foods in Your Dog's Diet

How Much Vegetables and Fruit To Include in Your Dog's Diet

General guideline for including vegetables and fruit in a species appropriate diet:

Vegetables, leafy greens: 

  • 7% to 10% of the daily food intake, but can be more depending on the individual dog's situation.

Fruit: 

  • 1% to 3% of the diet, but can be more depending on the individual dog's situation.

 

How to Prepare Vegetables and Fruit to Include in Your Dog's Diet

Follow the instructions provided in this article.  

The article also provides an extensive list of appropriate vegetables and fruit for dogs.


Maximize the Bioavalability of Lycopene

Lycopene is a fat-soluble carotinoid, this means it should be consumed with a good-source fat to ensure bioavailablility of the lycopene. Include at least one good-quality, species appropriate fat with the lycopene rich food you'll be adding to your dog's meal.  

Examples of  dog appropriate fats to serve with lycopene rich foods are listed below.  

Click the link for each item for: dosing guidelines, serving recommendations, health benefits and other important information.

Avocado

Eggs

Coconut oil

Flax seed oil

Hemp seed oil

Krill oil 

Wild-caught fatty (oily) fish  

Sardines and other small fatty (oily) fish

 

Cautions

Supplemental forms of lycopene:

Concentrated lycopene supplements, e.g. synthetic lycopene supplements, encapsulated lycopene supplements, lycopene softgel supplements, etc. should not be given to dogs. 

Concentrated lycopene supplements can lead to excess intake of lycopene which can cause lycopenemia (discoloration of the skin), gastrointestinal issues. Concentrated lycopene supplementation can cause birth of underweight puppies and/or premature labour in pregnant dogs.

Lycopene should be obtained by including an appropriate amount of lycopene rich fresh food in the diet. Refer to the section above 'How Much To Include in Your Dog's Diet'.


Holistic Wellness and Behaviorist Services

Do you need holistic advice to support your companion animal's health and well being? Become a client. Book your consultation. My professional holistic nutrition, wellness and behavioral services are available to you:

Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ• 🐈
Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•

My Holistic Client Services are Available Worldwide:
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ USA
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡¦ Canada
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ UK
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡Ί Australia and other Oceania countries
πŸ‡­πŸ‡° Hong Kong and other Asian countries
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡· Costa Rica and other Central American countries 
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί European countries
πŸ‡ΉπŸ‡Ή Trinidad and Tobago and other South America countries
πŸ‡ΏπŸ‡¦ South Africa and other African countries

πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡ͺ Sweden and other Nordic countries
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡ͺ United Arab Emirates

Available Holistic Consultations and Sessions:
πŸ“± FaceTime
πŸ“± Facebook video or voice calling
πŸ’» Skype
πŸ“± WhatsApp
πŸ“ž Phone
πŸ“§ Email 
🚢🏻‍♀️ In-Person

Menu of Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ•πŸˆ
For more information go here. 
 
✅  Maintain Health
✅  Address Health Issues and Conditions
Treatment and Remedy 
Pre-Surgery holistic support protocols
Post-Surgery holistic healing protocols
Pre-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Post-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Natural Insect and Parasite Prevention
Natural Treatment for Insect, Parasite Infestation, Co-Infection, Disease
Personal care protocol
✅  Custom Designed Whole Food Diets - raw or gently cooked
✅  Advice and Recommendations regarding:
Premade Diets - raw,  dehydrated, freeze dried
Supplemental Foods - raw, gently cooked
Super foods
Treats - raw, dehydrated, freeze dried, gently cooked
Herbs
Alternative Medicines

Menu of Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•
For more information go here.
In-person Sessions - available locally
Voice and Video Sessions - available worldwide
✓   Obedience Training
✓   Behavior Modification
✓   Psychological Rehabilitation


Affiliations to Companies
✓ None.
✓ I don't sell food or supplements.
✓ I'm not aligned with any companies.
✓ I choose to maintain my objectivity in selecting best-solutions for my individual client's needs.

Contact me
karen@ottawavalleydogwhisperer.ca

Article and graphics by Karen Rosenfeld 
 
 

Monday, 21 March 2022

Beans, Legumes and Pulses, Understanding the Difference and What’s Bad for Your Dog and Cat

Beans, Legumes and Pulses, Understanding the Difference and What's Bad for your Dog and Cat

★ 4.5 min read

 

In this Article:

 

Beans, Legumes and Pulses

- Understanding the difference: beans vs legumes vs pulses

What's Bad for your Dog and Cat

- The Don’t Use List

Why Specific Beans, Pulses and Legumes are bad for your dog and cat

- Aflatoxins

- Lectins

- Phytates

- Glyphosate

Appropriate Legumes for Dogs and Cats

- Beneficial herbal and medicinal legumes

Appropriate leafy greens, vegetables and fruit for your dog’s health

 

Understanding the Difference: Beans vs, Legumes, vs Pulses

 

Legumes are plants in the Fabaceae or Leguminosae plant family. The family includes trees, shrubs and flowering plants.

 

Plants in the legume family are grown or wild-harvested for many reasons, including:    

As a source of food

For medicinal purposes

As an ornamental flower, shrub, tree or vine

 

Not all legumes are pulses or beans.

 

Pulses are the dried fruit (seeds) of legume plants. 

 

Beans are a type of pulse (dried seed) of a legume plant.

 

 

What’s Bad for Your Dog and Cat

 

The Don’t Use List

 

These beans, legumes and pulses are bad for your dog and cat:

 

Legumes

  • Edamame (young soy beans)
  • Lentils (Dal), black, blue-green, brown, green, red
  • Peanuts (peanut and peanut butter)
  • Peas, fresh (green peas, snap peas, snow peas)
  • Soybeans

 

Beans (pulses)

  • Adzuki bean
  • Anasazi bean
  • Black-eyed pea
  • Black turtle bean (Black bean, Preto)
  • Broad beans (Fava bean)
  • Cannellini beans
  • Chickpea (Garbanzo)
  • Cranberry beans (Ramano, Speckled sugar)
  • Edamame (young soy beans)
  • Flageolet beans
  • Great Northern bean
  • Kidney bean (white, light red, dark red)
  • Lima bean
  • Mung bean
  • Mungo bean (Urad bean)
  • Navy bean (Haricot beans, White pea bean)
  • Otebo bean
  • Peanut
  • Peas (English peas, snow peas, sugar snap peas, etc.)
  • Pinto beans (Carioca bean)
  • Red beans (Mexican red bean, small red bean)
  • Scarlet runner bean
  • Soybean (Soya bean)
  • Split peas
  • Yellow bean

 

The legumes and beans listed above are bad for your dog and cat’s health, regardless if:

  • Organically grown
  • Sustainably grown
  • Wild harvested
  • Cooked
  • Dry
  • Fresh
  • Sprouted

 

Pet food, treat and supplement companies often market beans and pulses as ‘better’ than grains for dogs and cats. The truth is grains, beans and pulses are equally harmful to a dog and cat’s health.

 

Let’s talk about why the beans, and legumes on the “Don’t Use” list are bad for your dog and cat.

 

 

Why Specific Beans, Pulses and Legumes are Bad for Your Dog and Cat

 

The beans, pulses and legumes on the “Don’t Use” list contribute to and cause inflammatory issues and chronic disease in dogs and cats.

 

How do these beans pulses and legumes harm your dog and cat’s health? Let’s take a look.

 

Aflatoxins

Aflatoxins are naturally occurring toxic fungi. Bean and pulse crops are highly susceptible to aflatoxin contamination. Other crops including grains (barley, bulgur, oatmeal, rice, etc.) are vulnerable to aflatoxin contamination. Aflatoxin contamination on beans and pulses can occur:

  • On the plant when it’s growing
  • During harvesting
  • During processing of the harvested bean or pulse
  • After you buy the product

 

Aflatoxins are toxic to dogs, cats, humans and other animals. Aflatoxins are also toxic to humans and classified as a carcinogen by the WHO (World Health Organization).

 

Aflatoxins are NOT destroyed by cooking or other heat treatments.

 

Consuming food contaminated with aflatoxins can cause acute severe aflatoxicosis.

 

Immediate side effects of acute aflatoxicosis include:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Kidney damage
  • Liver damage
  • Death when not treated in time

 

Long term side effects of aflatoxicosis include:

  • Liver cancer
  • Kidney disease

 

I’ve treated client dogs for aflatoxicosis. It’s a complicated condition to treat. Aflatoxicosis can have long-lasting consequences to health.

 

 

Lectins

Lectins are present in a wide range of foods including:

  • Beans
  • Fish and other harvested animal proteins
  • Fruit
  • Grains
  • Legumes
  • Pulses
  • Vegetables

 

But not all lectins cause harm.

 

Lectins in the beans and legumes (on the “Don’t Use” list) are harmful to dogs and cats as they cause and contribute to:

  • Autoimmune disorders including arthritis, leaky gut and food allergies
  • Disruption of the gut and intestines
  • Immune system issues
  • Inflammation in the body
  • Interfere with the absorption of nutrients

 

The lectins present in beans and legumes (on the Don’t Use list) aren’t degraded or destroyed by heat. Baking, cooking, boiling and otherwise heating these beans and legumes doesn’t reduce the harmful effects on your companion animal's health.

 

 

Phytic Acid

Phytic acid is a naturally occurring substance in plants. The amount of phytic acid varies per plant and parts of plants.

 

The items on the Don’t Use list are high in phytic acid content.

 

Phytic acid interferes with the absorption of:

  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Zinc

 

Consuming foods with a high phytate content, can cause mineral deficiencies. The extent of the adverse effect depends on the individual dog’s personal situation. Inherited predisposition plus acquired circumstances. Sensitivities, vulnerabilities and specifics of the overall dietary protocol.

 

 

Glyphosate

Glyphosate (also known as RoundUp) is the most common herbicide used in the world. In 2015 the WHO’s IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) declared glyphosate a probable human carcinogen. You can read IARC’s findings here.

 

Since 2015 many high profile law suits have been filed against the manufacturer (Bayer – Monsanto) of glyphosate. Monsanto recently lost a lawsuit covering an estimated 95,000 cases. As a result, Monsanto-Bayer must pay $10 billion to settle the suits. There are more cases waiting to be hear in-court.

 

Before planting a legume crop, glyphosate may be used to kill weeds in the field. Before harvesting the crop, glyphosate may also be applied to plants to speed-up dessication of the crop. This is a common practice used in harvesting bean crops. Glyphoste is applied during the growing and harvesting of GMO and conventional soy bean crops.

 

All beans and legumes on the Don’t Use list pose a real health threat to your dog and cat.

 

 

Appropriate Legumes for Dogs and Cats

Not all plants from the legume family are bad for dogs and cats.  Some legume plants can help support your dog and cat's health.

 

 

Fresh Green Beans 

Fresh green beans have beneficial health properties for dogs. Green beans are not  appropriate for cats.

 

Choose:

  • Common green beans
  • French green beans

 

Green beans should not exceed more than 1% of your dog’s diet. To ensure proper absorption of nutrients green beans should be pureed, or lightly steamed.

 

Green beans are rich in:

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K
  • Folic acid
  • Minerals – calcium, copper, iron, manganese, potassium, silicon
  • Antioxidants – beta carotene, catechin, epicatechin, kaempferol, lutein, and quercetin

 

Green beans can help support your dog's:

  • Bone health
  • Digestive function
  • Eye health
  • Heart health 
  • Immune system function

 

 

Beneficial Herbal and Medicinal Legumes

Some legume family plants are valued for their medicinal properties. A few examples of cat and dog *safe legume plants include:

 

 *Safe for dogs and cats when used appropriately

 

Given the opportunity, your cat and dog may self-select appropriate herbs to suit her individual, personal needs. Go here to learn more about self-selection (zoopharmacognosy) and how to support your dog and cat's ability to communicate their needs to you.


Appropriate Leafy Greens, Vegetables and Fruit for Your Dog’s Health

If you're currently including inappropriate beans and legumes in your dog's diet replace them with appropriate leafy greens and vegetables.


Dogs can benefit from a small amount of appropriate fresh leafy greens, fresh and gently cooked vegetables, and fruit in the diet.

 

Species appropriate plant material provides an important source of health supporting:

  • Antioxidants to support overall health
  • Essential minerals and vitamins
  • Gut-health supporting fiber

 

Go to this article for:

  • A list of appropriate leafy greens, vegetables and fruit for dogs
  • Preparation and serving recommendations

 

 
Holistic Wellness and Behaviorist Services

Do you need holistic advice to support your companion animal's health and well being? Become a client. Book your consultation. My professional holistic nutrition, wellness and behavioral services are available to you:

Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ• 🐈
Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•

My Holistic Client Services are Available Worldwide:
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ USA
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡¦ Canada
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ UK
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡Ί Australia and other Oceania countries
πŸ‡­πŸ‡° Hong Kong and other Asian countries
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡· Costa Rica and other Central American countries 
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί European countries
πŸ‡ΉπŸ‡Ή Trinidad and Tobago and other South America countries
πŸ‡ΏπŸ‡¦ South Africa and other African countries

πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡ͺ Sweden and other Nordic countries
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡ͺ United Arab Emirates

Available Holistic Consultations and Sessions:
πŸ“± FaceTime
πŸ“± Facebook video or voice calling
πŸ’» Skype
πŸ“± WhatsApp
πŸ“ž Phone
πŸ“§ Email 
🚢🏻‍♀️ In-Person

Menu of Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ•πŸˆ
For more information go here. 
 
✅  Maintain Health
✅  Address Health Issues and Conditions
Treatment and Remedy 
Pre-Surgery holistic support protocols
Post-Surgery holistic healing protocols
Pre-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Post-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Natural Insect and Parasite Prevention
Natural Treatment for Insect, Parasite Infestation, Co-Infection, Disease
Personal care protocol
✅  Custom Designed Whole Food Diets - raw or gently cooked
✅  Advice and Recommendations regarding:
Premade Diets - raw,  dehydrated, freeze dried
Supplemental Foods - raw, gently cooked
Super foods
Treats - raw, dehydrated, freeze dried, gently cooked
Herbs
Alternative Medicines

Menu of Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•
For more information go here.
In-person Sessions - available locally
Voice and Video Sessions - available worldwide
✓   Obedience Training
✓   Behavior Modification
✓   Psychological Rehabilitation


Affiliations to Companies
✓ None.
✓ I don't sell food or supplements.
✓ I'm not aligned with any companies.
✓ I choose to maintain my objectivity in selecting best-solutions for my individual client's needs.

Contact me
karen@ottawavalleydogwhisperer.ca

Article and graphics by Karen Rosenfeld