Monday, 21 March 2022

Beans, Legumes and Pulses, Understanding the Difference and What’s Bad for Your Dog and Cat

Beans, Legumes and Pulses, Understanding the Difference and What's Bad for your Dog and Cat

★ 4.5 min read

 

In this Article:

 

Beans, Legumes and Pulses

- Understanding the difference: beans vs legumes vs pulses

What's Bad for your Dog and Cat

- The Don’t Use List

Why Specific Beans, Pulses and Legumes are bad for your dog and cat

- Aflatoxins

- Lectins

- Phytates

- Glyphosate

Appropriate Legumes for Dogs and Cats

- Beneficial herbal and medicinal legumes

Appropriate leafy greens, vegetables and fruit for your dog’s health

 

Understanding the Difference: Beans vs, Legumes, vs Pulses

 

Legumes are plants in the Fabaceae or Leguminosae plant family. The family includes trees, shrubs and flowering plants.

 

Plants in the legume family are grown or wild-harvested for many reasons, including:    

As a source of food

For medicinal purposes

As an ornamental flower, shrub, tree or vine

 

Not all legumes are pulses or beans.

 

Pulses are the dried fruit (seeds) of legume plants. 

 

Beans are a type of pulse (dried seed) of a legume plant.

 

 

What’s Bad for Your Dog and Cat

 

The Don’t Use List

 

These beans, legumes and pulses are bad for your dog and cat:

 

Legumes

  • Edamame (young soy beans)
  • Lentils (Dal), black, blue-green, brown, green, red
  • Peanuts (peanut and peanut butter)
  • Peas, fresh (green peas, snap peas, snow peas)
  • Soybeans

 

Beans (pulses)

  • Adzuki bean
  • Anasazi bean
  • Black-eyed pea
  • Black turtle bean (Black bean, Preto)
  • Broad beans (Fava bean)
  • Cannellini beans
  • Chickpea (Garbanzo)
  • Cranberry beans (Ramano, Speckled sugar)
  • Edamame (young soy beans)
  • Flageolet beans
  • Great Northern bean
  • Kidney bean (white, light red, dark red)
  • Lima bean
  • Mung bean
  • Mungo bean (Urad bean)
  • Navy bean (Haricot beans, White pea bean)
  • Otebo bean
  • Peanut
  • Peas (English peas, snow peas, sugar snap peas, etc.)
  • Pinto beans (Carioca bean)
  • Red beans (Mexican red bean, small red bean)
  • Scarlet runner bean
  • Soybean (Soya bean)
  • Split peas
  • Yellow bean

 

The legumes and beans listed above are bad for your dog and cat’s health, regardless if:

  • Organically grown
  • Sustainably grown
  • Wild harvested
  • Cooked
  • Dry
  • Fresh
  • Sprouted

 

Pet food, treat and supplement companies often market beans and pulses as ‘better’ than grains for dogs and cats. The truth is grains, beans and pulses are equally harmful to a dog and cat’s health.

 

Let’s talk about why the beans, and legumes on the “Don’t Use” list are bad for your dog and cat.

 

 

Why Specific Beans, Pulses and Legumes are Bad for Your Dog and Cat

 

The beans, pulses and legumes on the “Don’t Use” list contribute to and cause inflammatory issues and chronic disease in dogs and cats.

 

How do these beans pulses and legumes harm your dog and cat’s health? Let’s take a look.

 

Aflatoxins

Aflatoxins are naturally occurring toxic fungi. Bean and pulse crops are highly susceptible to aflatoxin contamination. Other crops including grains (barley, bulgur, oatmeal, rice, etc.) are vulnerable to aflatoxin contamination. Aflatoxin contamination on beans and pulses can occur:

  • On the plant when it’s growing
  • During harvesting
  • During processing of the harvested bean or pulse
  • After you buy the product

 

Aflatoxins are toxic to dogs, cats, humans and other animals. Aflatoxins are also toxic to humans and classified as a carcinogen by the WHO (World Health Organization).

 

Aflatoxins are NOT destroyed by cooking or other heat treatments.

 

Consuming food contaminated with aflatoxins can cause acute severe aflatoxicosis.

 

Immediate side effects of acute aflatoxicosis include:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Kidney damage
  • Liver damage
  • Death when not treated in time

 

Long term side effects of aflatoxicosis include:

  • Liver cancer
  • Kidney disease

 

I’ve treated client dogs for aflatoxicosis. It’s a complicated condition to treat. Aflatoxicosis can have long-lasting consequences to health.

 

 

Lectins

Lectins are present in a wide range of foods including:

  • Beans
  • Fish and other harvested animal proteins
  • Fruit
  • Grains
  • Legumes
  • Pulses
  • Vegetables

 

But not all lectins cause harm.

 

Lectins in the beans and legumes (on the “Don’t Use” list) are harmful to dogs and cats as they cause and contribute to:

  • Autoimmune disorders including arthritis, leaky gut and food allergies
  • Disruption of the gut and intestines
  • Immune system issues
  • Inflammation in the body
  • Interfere with the absorption of nutrients

 

The lectins present in beans and legumes (on the Don’t Use list) aren’t degraded or destroyed by heat. Baking, cooking, boiling and otherwise heating these beans and legumes doesn’t reduce the harmful effects on your companion animal's health.

 

 

Phytic Acid

Phytic acid is a naturally occurring substance in plants. The amount of phytic acid varies per plant and parts of plants.

 

The items on the Don’t Use list are high in phytic acid content.

 

Phytic acid interferes with the absorption of:

  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Zinc

 

Consuming foods with a high phytate content, can cause mineral deficiencies. The extent of the adverse effect depends on the individual dog’s personal situation. Inherited predisposition plus acquired circumstances. Sensitivities, vulnerabilities and specifics of the overall dietary protocol.

 

 

Glyphosate

Glyphosate (also known as RoundUp) is the most common herbicide used in the world. In 2015 the WHO’s IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) declared glyphosate a probable human carcinogen. You can read IARC’s findings here.

 

Since 2015 many high profile law suits have been filed against the manufacturer (Bayer – Monsanto) of glyphosate. Monsanto recently lost a lawsuit covering an estimated 95,000 cases. As a result, Monsanto-Bayer must pay $10 billion to settle the suits. There are more cases waiting to be hear in-court.

 

Before planting a legume crop, glyphosate may be used to kill weeds in the field. Before harvesting the crop, glyphosate may also be applied to plants to speed-up dessication of the crop. This is a common practice used in harvesting bean crops. Glyphoste is applied during the growing and harvesting of GMO and conventional soy bean crops.

 

All beans and legumes on the Don’t Use list pose a real health threat to your dog and cat.

 

 

Appropriate Legumes for Dogs and Cats

Not all plants from the legume family are bad for dogs and cats.  Some legume plants can help support your dog and cat's health.

 

 

Fresh Green Beans 

Fresh green beans have beneficial health properties for dogs. Green beans are not  appropriate for cats.

 

Choose:

  • Common green beans
  • French green beans

 

Green beans should not exceed more than 1% of your dog’s diet. To ensure proper absorption of nutrients green beans should be pureed, or lightly steamed.

 

Green beans are rich in:

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K
  • Folic acid
  • Minerals – calcium, copper, iron, manganese, potassium, silicon
  • Antioxidants – beta carotene, catechin, epicatechin, kaempferol, lutein, and quercetin

 

Green beans can help support your dog's:

  • Bone health
  • Digestive function
  • Eye health
  • Heart health 
  • Immune system function

 

 

Beneficial Herbal and Medicinal Legumes

Some legume family plants are valued for their medicinal properties. A few examples of cat and dog *safe legume plants include:

 

 *Safe for dogs and cats when used appropriately

 

Given the opportunity, your cat and dog may self-select appropriate herbs to suit her individual, personal needs. Go here to learn more about self-selection (zoopharmacognosy) and how to support your dog and cat's ability to communicate their needs to you.


Appropriate Leafy Greens, Vegetables and Fruit for Your Dog’s Health

If you're currently including inappropriate beans and legumes in your dog's diet replace them with appropriate leafy greens and vegetables.


Dogs can benefit from a small amount of appropriate fresh leafy greens, fresh and gently cooked vegetables, and fruit in the diet.

 

Species appropriate plant material provides an important source of health supporting:

  • Antioxidants to support overall health
  • Essential minerals and vitamins
  • Gut-health supporting fiber

 

Go to this article for:

  • A list of appropriate leafy greens, vegetables and fruit for dogs
  • Preparation and serving recommendations

 

 
Holistic Wellness and Behaviorist Services

Do you need holistic advice to support your companion animal's health and well being? Become a client. Book your consultation. My professional holistic nutrition, wellness and behavioral services are available to you:

Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ• 🐈
Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•

My Holistic Client Services are Available Worldwide:
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ USA
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡¦ Canada
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ UK
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡Ί Australia and other Oceania countries
πŸ‡­πŸ‡° Hong Kong and other Asian countries
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡· Costa Rica and other Central American countries 
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί European countries
πŸ‡ΉπŸ‡Ή Trinidad and Tobago and other South America countries
πŸ‡ΏπŸ‡¦ South Africa and other African countries

πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡ͺ Sweden and other Nordic countries
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡ͺ United Arab Emirates

Available Holistic Consultations and Sessions:
πŸ“± FaceTime
πŸ“± Facebook video or voice calling
πŸ’» Skype
πŸ“± WhatsApp
πŸ“ž Phone
πŸ“§ Email 
🚢🏻‍♀️ In-Person

Menu of Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ•πŸˆ
For more information go here. 
 
✅  Maintain Health
✅  Address Health Issues and Conditions
Treatment and Remedy 
Pre-Surgery holistic support protocols
Post-Surgery holistic healing protocols
Pre-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Post-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Natural Insect and Parasite Prevention
Natural Treatment for Insect, Parasite Infestation, Co-Infection, Disease
Personal care protocol
✅  Custom Designed Whole Food Diets - raw or gently cooked
✅  Advice and Recommendations regarding:
Premade Diets - raw,  dehydrated, freeze dried
Supplemental Foods - raw, gently cooked
Super foods
Treats - raw, dehydrated, freeze dried, gently cooked
Herbs
Alternative Medicines

Menu of Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•
For more information go here.
In-person Sessions - available locally
Voice and Video Sessions - available worldwide
✓   Obedience Training
✓   Behavior Modification
✓   Psychological Rehabilitation


Affiliations to Companies
✓ None.
✓ I don't sell food or supplements.
✓ I'm not aligned with any companies.
✓ I choose to maintain my objectivity in selecting best-solutions for my individual client's needs.

Contact me
karen@ottawavalleydogwhisperer.ca

Article and graphics by Karen Rosenfeld 


Wednesday, 16 March 2022

Your Dog and Cat are Not Fussy: Understanding Self-Selection, Zoopharmacognosy


Your dog and cat are not fussy: understanding self-selection, zoopharmacognosy

★ 3.5 min read

 

In this article:

  • Self-selection, zoopharmcognosy, a brief history 
  • Self-selection vs "Fussy"
  • Why is my dog or cat selecting items that aren't appropriate?
  • Never Force your dog or cat 
  • Is That a Permanent "No"?
  • My dog and cat doesn't want this, Can I Hide it in Food or Treats?
  • Self-selection of Topically Applied Medicinal Substances
  • Self-selection How To
  • Self-decline How To


Self-selection, Zoopharmcognosy a Brief History

For millennia, animals have self-medicated by self-selecting plant materials, soil and other natural substances to prevent, treat and remedy trauma, illness and disease. Your dog and cat’s instinctive and learned capacity to self-select natural medicinal substances is called zoopharmcognosy (pronounced zoo-faar-muh-kaag-nuh-suh).

 

Humans also have a long history of self-medication by self-selecting natural medicinal substances. Evidence of self-medication by humans dates back to the Paleolithic period and is called pharmacognosy.

 

Self-selection is also an important form of communication, a way for your dog and cat to communicate their needs to you. 

 

This article will help you:

  1. Understand what your dog and cat are saying to you.
  2. Mindfully support your dog and cat's instinctive ability to support their personal health and wellness.


 

Self-Selection vs “Fussy”

 

Your dog and cat are not fussy. Your dog and cat are practicing self-selection.

 

Often, I see people say “my dog (or cat) is fussy” and “how can I get her” to eat a specific food or supplement.  

 

Your dog or cat’s hesitancy or refusal to eat a food or take a supplement is often misinterpreted as “fussiness”. However, it is highly likely your dog or cat is using instinct to self-determine items that don’t suit her needs. The rejected item(s) may be inappropriate for one or multiple reasons, for example the item:

  • Contains inappropriate additives
  • Is contaminated with incidental (hidden) substances
  • Is generally safe but for your animal is contradicted due to a health issue or condition
  • Is generally inappropriate for all dogs or cats

 

Self-selection for dogs and cats

 Click on the image above to zoom in

 

Why is My Dog or Cat Selecting Items That Aren't Appropriate?


If your dog or cat is selecting items that are not appropriate e.g., starchy carbohydrates foods such as beans (pulses), grains, sweet potato, potato, yam, dry food (kibble, biscuits) and treats, or other inappropriate items; it's important to address the root cause.  To properly address the root cause, I strongly encourage you to engage the services of a knowledgeable holistic diet and wellness practitioner.

 

Never Force Your Dog or Cat

 

If your dog or cat self-determines to decline a specific food, herb, nutraceutical, or alternative medicine, you should always respect and listen to your dog or cat’s indication.

 

When a dog or cat declines an item, it’s because the item is not appropriate for the individual animal. Dogs and cats self-select and decline items to suit their individual situation.

 

Food, herbs, nutraceuticals, and alternative medicines should never be forced upon a dog or cat.

 

 

Is That a Permanent “No”?

 

Not necessarily.

 

An item that your dog or cat self-selects or declines may receive a different response when offered another time (e.g. days or weeks later). Also, if your dog or cat self-selects an item and later declines it, respect her indication.

 

 

My Dog and Cat Doesn’t Want This, Can I Hide it in Food or Treats?

 

It’s not appropriate to hide rejected items in your dog or cat’s food or treats. I strongly discourage against this practice.

 

If you force your dog or cat to take an item they don’t want, significant adverse consequences may result. Risks include:

  • Exacerbating existing health issues and conditions
  • Triggering new health issues or conditions
  • Escalating your dog or cat’s anxiety level and/or trauma

 

Always respect your dog or cat’s indication.

 

If your dog or cat is experiencing a health issue or condition, I strongly encourage you to engage the services of a knowledgeable holistic diet and wellness practitioner.

 

 

Self-Selection of Topically Applied Medicinal Substances

 

Self-selection is not limited to ingested items. Dogs and cats also use self-selection of beneficial materials in their environment to help protect and heal themselves.

 

For example, to help naturally repel insects some dogs and cats will rub up against and roll in wild garlic scapes, neem leaves or other natural insect repelling plants.

 

So should we also respect our dog and cat’s indication when applying products to our dog and cat’s e.g., fur, skin, ears, etc.? Yes.

 

Essential-oil insect repellent sprays are a good example.

 

Does your dog dislike it when you apply an essential oil based insect repellent on her?

 

Is the dislike because she doesn’t like being sprayed?

 

If you give her the opportunity, she can let you know.

 

Put some of the repellent on your hands and gently rub it onto a small test spot on her fur/skin. If she still indicates she does not want the product on her fur or skin, she may be letting you know the essential oil (e.g. lavender, rosemary, lemon grass essential oil, etc., or another ingredient) in the product is unsuitable. For example, she may be hypersensitive to, or have a health condition that contradicts use.


Listen to your dog and cat. Allow her to choose another natural alternative that better suites her circumstances.

  

Self-Selection How To

 

There are multiple ways you can allow your dog or cat to self-select or decline an item. For example:

  1. Open the bag, bottle or container the item is in, allow your dog or cat to sniff the open bag or container.
  2. If she continues to sniff, or licks offer the item to her.
  3. Place the item in the palm of your hand or on a plate.
  4. If she wants the item she will sniff, lick and/or eat the item.
  5. She may choose to lick-up or eat part or all the item. 
  6. If she indicates she wants more e.g., she licks-up or eats all the item offered, depending on the type of item, dosage range, etc. you may offer her more at that time, or later that day; provided you do not exceed the recommended daily serving or dosage.

 

 

Self-Decline How To

 

Follow the process above to see if your dog or cat wants the item.

 

If your dog or cat sniffs the item, then walks away, or turns her head away, or air licks without sampling or returning to the item, or takes a small sample and walks away, she has self-declined the item.

 

You can try offering her the item again later the same day, or in several days a week or more.

 

If she continues to decline the item, respect her indication. Continue to the next item on your dog or cat’s self-selection list. Follow the same process and always respect your dog and cat’s indication.

 

You can read more about Paleolithic and Prehistoric self-medication by humans and non-human animals here

 


Holistic Wellness and Behaviorist Services

Do you need holistic advice to support your companion animal's health and well being? Become a client. Book your consultation. My professional holistic nutrition, wellness and behavioral services are available to you:

Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ• 🐈
Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•

My Holistic Client Services are Available Worldwide:
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ USA
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡¦ Canada
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ UK
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡Ί Australia and other Oceania countries
πŸ‡­πŸ‡° Hong Kong and other Asian countries
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡· Costa Rica and other Central American countries 
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί European countries
πŸ‡ΉπŸ‡Ή Trinidad and Tobago and other South America countries
πŸ‡ΏπŸ‡¦ South Africa and other African countries

πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡ͺ Sweden and other Nordic countries
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡ͺ United Arab Emirates

Available Holistic Consultations and Sessions:
πŸ“± FaceTime
πŸ“± Facebook video or voice calling
πŸ’» Skype
πŸ“± WhatsApp
πŸ“ž Phone
πŸ“§ Email 
🚢🏻‍♀️ In-Person

Menu of Holistic Wellness Services for Dogs and Cats πŸ•πŸˆ
For more information go here. 
 
✅  Maintain Health
✅  Address Health Issues and Conditions
Treatment and Remedy 
Pre-Surgery holistic support protocols
Post-Surgery holistic healing protocols
Pre-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Post-Vaccine holistic support protocols
Natural Insect and Parasite Prevention
Natural Treatment for Insect, Parasite Infestation, Co-Infection, Disease
Personal care protocol
✅  Custom Designed Whole Food Diets - raw or gently cooked
✅  Advice and Recommendations regarding:
Premade Diets - raw,  dehydrated, freeze dried
Supplemental Foods - raw, gently cooked
Super foods
Treats - raw, dehydrated, freeze dried, gently cooked
Herbs
Alternative Medicines

Menu of Holistic Behaviorist Services for Dogs πŸ•
For more information go here.
In-person Sessions - available locally
Voice and Video Sessions - available worldwide
✓   Obedience Training
✓   Behavior Modification
✓   Psychological Rehabilitation


Affiliations to Companies
✓ None.
✓ I don't sell food or supplements.
✓ I'm not aligned with any companies.
✓ I choose to maintain my objectivity in selecting best-solutions for my individual client's needs.

Contact me
karen@ottawavalleydogwhisperer.ca

Article and graphics by Karen Rosenfeld