Monday, 21 March 2022

Beans, Legumes and Pulses, Understanding the Difference and What’s Bad for Your Dog and Cat

Beans, Legumes and Pulses, Understanding the Difference and What's Bad for your Dog and Cat

★ 4.5 min read

 

In this Article:

 

Beans, Legumes and Pulses

- Understanding the difference: beans vs legumes vs pulses

What's Bad for your Dog and Cat

- The Don’t Use List

Why Specific Beans, Pulses and Legumes are bad for your dog and cat

- Aflatoxins

- Lectins

- Phytates

- Glyphosate

Appropriate Legumes for Dogs and Cats

- Beneficial herbal and medicinal legumes

Appropriate leafy greens, vegetables and fruit for your dog’s health

 

Understanding the Difference: Beans vs, Legumes, vs Pulses

 

Legumes are plants in the Fabaceae or Leguminosae plant family. The family includes trees, shrubs and flowering plants.

 

Plants in the legume family are grown or wild-harvested for many reasons, including:    

As a source of food

For medicinal purposes

As an ornamental flower, shrub, tree or vine

 

Not all legumes are pulses or beans.

 

Pulses are the dried fruit (seeds) of legume plants. 

 

Beans are a type of pulse (dried seed) of a legume plant.

 

 

What’s Bad for Your Dog and Cat

 

The Don’t Use List

 

These beans, legumes and pulses are bad for your dog and cat:

 

Legumes

  • Edamame (young soy beans)
  • Lentils (Dal), black, blue-green, brown, green, red
  • Peanuts (peanut and peanut butter)
  • Peas, fresh (green peas, snap peas, snow peas)
  • Soybeans

 

Beans (pulses)

  • Adzuki bean
  • Anasazi bean
  • Black-eyed pea
  • Black turtle bean (Black bean, Preto)
  • Broad beans (Fava bean)
  • Cannellini beans
  • Chickpea (Garbanzo)
  • Cranberry beans (Ramano, Speckled sugar)
  • Edamame (young soy beans)
  • Flageolet beans
  • Great Northern bean
  • Kidney bean (white, light red, dark red)
  • Lima bean
  • Mung bean
  • Mungo bean (Urad bean)
  • Navy bean (Haricot beans, White pea bean)
  • Otebo bean
  • Peanut
  • Peas (English peas, snow peas, sugar snap peas, etc.)
  • Pinto beans (Carioca bean)
  • Red beans (Mexican red bean, small red bean)
  • Scarlet runner bean
  • Soybean (Soya bean)
  • Split peas
  • Yellow bean

 

The legumes and beans listed above are bad for your dog and cat’s health, regardless if:

  • Organically grown
  • Sustainably grown
  • Wild harvested
  • Cooked
  • Dry
  • Fresh
  • Sprouted

 

Pet food, treat and supplement companies often market beans and pulses as ‘better’ than grains for dogs and cats. The truth is grains, beans and pulses are equally harmful to a dog and cat’s health.

 

Let’s talk about why the beans, and legumes on the “Don’t Use” list are bad for your dog and cat.

 

 

Why Specific Beans, Pulses and Legumes are Bad for Your Dog and Cat

 

The beans, pulses and legumes on the “Don’t Use” list contribute to and cause inflammatory issues and chronic disease in dogs and cats.

 

How do these beans pulses and legumes harm your dog and cat’s health? Let’s take a look.

 

Aflatoxins

Aflatoxins are naturally occurring toxic fungi. Bean and pulse crops are highly susceptible to aflatoxin contamination. Other crops including grains (barley, bulgur, oatmeal, rice, etc.) are vulnerable to aflatoxin contamination. Aflatoxin contamination on beans and pulses can occur:

  • On the plant when it’s growing
  • During harvesting
  • During processing of the harvested bean or pulse
  • After you buy the product

 

Aflatoxins are toxic to dogs, cats, humans and other animals. Aflatoxins are also toxic to humans and classified as a carcinogen by the WHO (World Health Organization).

 

Aflatoxins are NOT destroyed by cooking or other heat treatments.

 

Consuming food contaminated with aflatoxins can cause acute severe aflatoxicosis.

 

Immediate side effects of acute aflatoxicosis include:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Kidney damage
  • Liver damage
  • Death when not treated in time

 

Long term side effects of aflatoxicosis include:

  • Liver cancer
  • Kidney disease

 

I’ve treated client dogs for aflatoxicosis. It’s a complicated condition to treat. Aflatoxicosis can have long-lasting consequences to health.

 

 

Lectins

Lectins are present in a wide range of foods including:

  • Beans
  • Fish and other harvested animal proteins
  • Fruit
  • Grains
  • Legumes
  • Pulses
  • Vegetables

 

But not all lectins cause harm.

 

Lectins in the beans and legumes (on the “Don’t Use” list) are harmful to dogs and cats as they cause and contribute to:

  • Autoimmune disorders including arthritis, leaky gut and food allergies
  • Disruption of the gut and intestines
  • Immune system issues
  • Inflammation in the body
  • Interfere with the absorption of nutrients

 

The lectins present in beans and legumes (on the Don’t Use list) aren’t degraded or destroyed by heat. Baking, cooking, boiling and otherwise heating these beans and legumes doesn’t reduce the harmful effects on your companion animal's health.

 

 

Phytic Acid

Phytic acid is a naturally occurring substance in plants. The amount of phytic acid varies per plant and parts of plants.

 

The items on the Don’t Use list are high in phytic acid content.

 

Phytic acid interferes with the absorption of:

  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Zinc

 

Consuming foods with a high phytate content, can cause mineral deficiencies. The extent of the adverse effect depends on the individual dog’s personal situation. Inherited predisposition plus acquired circumstances. Sensitivities, vulnerabilities and specifics of the overall dietary protocol.

 

 

Glyphosate

Glyphosate (also known as RoundUp) is the most common herbicide used in the world. In 2015 the WHO’s IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) declared glyphosate a probable human carcinogen. You can read IARC’s findings here.

 

Since 2015 many high profile law suits have been filed against the manufacturer (Bayer – Monsanto) of glyphosate. Monsanto recently lost a lawsuit covering an estimated 95,000 cases. As a result, Monsanto-Bayer must pay $10 billion to settle the suits. There are more cases waiting to be hear in-court.

 

Before planting a legume crop, glyphosate may be used to kill weeds in the field. Before harvesting the crop, glyphosate may also be applied to plants to speed-up dessication of the crop. This is a common practice used in harvesting bean crops. Glyphoste is applied during the growing and harvesting of GMO and conventional soy bean crops.

 

All beans and legumes on the Don’t Use list pose a real health threat to your dog and cat.

 

 

Appropriate Legumes for Dogs and Cats

Not all plants from the legume family are bad for dogs and cats.  Some legume plants can help support your dog and cat's health.

 

 

Fresh Green Beans 

Fresh green beans have beneficial health properties for dogs. Green beans are not  appropriate for cats.

 

Choose:

  • Common green beans
  • French green beans

 

Green beans should not exceed more than 1% of your dog’s diet. To ensure proper absorption of nutrients green beans should be pureed, or lightly steamed.

 

Green beans are rich in:

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K
  • Folic acid
  • Minerals – calcium, copper, iron, manganese, potassium, silicon
  • Antioxidants – beta carotene, catechin, epicatechin, kaempferol, lutein, and quercetin

 

Green beans can help support your dog's:

  • Bone health
  • Digestive function
  • Eye health
  • Heart health 
  • Immune system function

 

 

Beneficial Herbal and Medicinal Legumes

Some legume family plants are valued for their medicinal properties. A few examples of cat and dog *safe legume plants include:

 

 *Safe for dogs and cats when used appropriately

 

Given the opportunity, your cat and dog may self-select appropriate herbs to suit her individual, personal needs. Go here to learn more about self-selection (zoopharmacognosy) and how to support your dog and cat's ability to communicate their needs to you.


Appropriate Leafy Greens, Vegetables and Fruit for Your Dog’s Health

If you're currently including inappropriate beans and legumes in your dog's diet replace them with appropriate leafy greens and vegetables.


Dogs can benefit from a small amount of appropriate fresh leafy greens, fresh and gently cooked vegetables, and fruit in the diet.

 

Species appropriate plant material provides an important source of health supporting:

  • Antioxidants to support overall health
  • Essential minerals and vitamins
  • Gut-health supporting fiber

 

Go to this article for:

  • A list of appropriate leafy greens, vegetables and fruit for dogs
  • Preparation and serving recommendations

 

 
Holistic Wellness and Behaviorist Services

Do you need holistic advice to support your companion animal's health and well being? Become a client. Book your consultation. My professional holistic nutrition, wellness and behavioral services are available to you:

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Article and graphics by Karen Rosenfeld 


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Important Note

1.0 Use of Foods, Herbs, Alternative Medicines:

Safe use of items and protocols in the article above, is your sole responsibility.

Foods, herbs and alternative medicines have health issue, condition and conventional drug interactions. Safe use of all substances and protocol are your responsibility.

Before you use any substance or protocol do your research. Check for cautions, contradictions, interactions and side effects. Do not use substances or protocols not suitable to your animal's individual circumstances.

If your animal has an underlying condition substances and protocols may conflict.

2.0 Definition of Holistic…

Food, herbs, alternative medicines are NOT ‘holistic’ they are a substance and MAY, or may NOT be ‘NATURAL’.

If you use a ‘natural’ substance (ie. an herb) you are using a natural substance, not a holistic substance.

Holistic is not defined by use of one or several substances. Holistic is an approach.

Definition of “holistic” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press

Adjective

"relating to the whole of something or to the total system instead of just to its parts"

"Holistic medicine attempts to treat the whole person, including mind and body, not just the injury or disease."

Holistic is a way of approaching life, and within that health, and well-being.

3.0 Expectation a natural substance remedies a health or behavioral situation.

A natural substance used to treat symptoms. But, if factors causing the underlying issue remain you do not have a remedy.

Remedy requires a comprehensive approach. It is necessary to identify root cause. Remove items that trigger, cause or otherwise contribute to issues. Holistic approach includes design, implementation to treat, remedy and maintain long-term health.

4.0 Leave a Comment

I review all comments and publish those deemed appropriate for this site.

I answer questions deemed appropriate when I have time to do so.

Wishing your dog and cat the best of health!

Karen Rosenfeld
Ottawa Valley Dog Whisperer
Holistic Behaviorist - Dogs
Holistic Diet Nutrition Wellness Adviser – Dogs and Cats

karen@ottawavalleydogwhisperer.ca

1-613-622-1139
1-613-293-3707

00-1-613-622-1139
00-1-613-293-3707